It’s sometimes called one of the great wonders of the world. It’s certainly an important archeological site where scientists are seeking clues about the life and culture of ancient Inca peoples. Believed to date to the 1400s, it is a site that showcases the amazing architectural and building skills, artistry and urban planning of a very advanced, if isolated, society.
Visitors can walk among the ruins in the ancient city that has survived the ages, including homes, factories, an amphitheater, storage facilities, and two temples and their courtyards where sacrifices were made to the sun god. Llamas graze on the terraces and get as much attention as the ruins.
From the UNESCO site that describes this world treasure:
The approximately 200 structures making up this outstanding religious, ceremonial, astronomical and agricultural centre are set on a steep ridge, crisscrossed by stone terraces. Following a rigorous plan the city is divided into a lower and upper part, separating the farming from residential areas, with a large square between the two. To this day, many of Machu Picchu’s mysteries remain unresolved, including the exact role it may have played in the Incas’ sophisticated understanding of astronomy and domestication of wild plant species.